How Credit Card Companies Make Their Money

Everyone knows the banks can be quite profitable companies, and that one of their most profitable products that they create is the credit card. They know that consumers will leave balances on their cards and that they will make a great amount of money in interest. This is why they send out six billion credit card offers every year, and that number is rising! Credit card companies actually make their money in a number of different ways, continue reading to learn about fees and charges that some credit card companies charge to you and merchants.

The first and most widely known about expenses is finance charges. Whenever you do not pay your balance off at the end of the month and carry a balance over on a credit card from the previous month, you will be charged a fee approximately one twelfth that of your annual percentage rate in your card holder agreement. Sometimes credit card companies use the twelfth root of your annual percentage rate, depending on how they calculate the fee. Each month you carry over a balance you will be charged a finance charge.

Another major method for credit card companies to make money is with what is called an interchange fee. Whenever a merchant accepts a credit card or debit card as payment, they pay a small percentage, usually about 2% or 3%. Of this fee, the majority of it goes to the card issuers bank, some of it goes to transaction processing network, and some of it goes to the card association (such as Visa or Mastercard). As part of the credit card companies overall income from a customer, interchange fees generally make up about 15% of the money they make off a customer. This number can be much higher if a customer uses their credit card to make numerous day to day expenses such as lunch or snacks.

Credit card companies also charge a number of fees to customers besides that of the finance charge. Whenever you are late on a payment, also known as in default, you will be charged a fee for not making your payment on time. Whenever you charge more than your credit line allows, you will be charged an “over the limit” fee. If you make use of a convenience check or a cash advance, there will also be an additional fee for using one of them. Whenever you make a transaction in a foreign currency, there is usually a conversion fee, which can be up to 3% of the purchase. Finally, there are membership fees to actually have the card on some credit cards and if you are enrolled in some sort of rewards program, chances are you are paying an annual fee to participate in that as well.

How to Finance Your Franchise Investment

You have made the decision to purchase a new or existing franchise then quickly realize that basic question – How do you finance your franchise investment.

Money or funding as quickly becomes a top priority and your ability to successfully finance your investment in your new business will ultimately play a large part in your success or failure in your new role as a Canadian entrepreneur.

For non- financial people, those not trained or comfortable in finance that challenge suddenly looms large – at the same time you have read in the papers that business financing continues to be difficult as Canada comes out of the global financial meltdown of 2008-2009.

So how can you be successful then and finance your franchise investment in a manner that allows you to take advantage of your independent business opportunity. The reality is as follows – franchise financing is available in Canada today – it is some what of a custom made financing, and the three largest assets you can bring to the table to succeed are the ability to seek out a trusted and experienced franchise financing advisor, as well as your own business and credit experience, coupled with a relatively reasonable down payment.

The true secret to your overall franchise financing success is the ability to put together a solid, slick proposal that at a high level demonstrates your ability to run the business, the potential financial success of the business, and then presenting that information to sources of franchise financing in Canada.

A key ingredient in all of your planning should be a carefully tailored business plan that highlights the basics we have discussed – this would include a summary of your business experience (and why you will make the business successful), some key financial such as, at least, your sales and profit projections for one to perhaps 3 years. And equally as important in this data is carefull documentation of your costs and expenses.

So let’s assume you have that completed – you now have to present it to a franchise financing and funding source, and ensure you have properly describe the amount of equity of personal funds you will put into the business, as well as the debt component, or total borrowed funds. The magic relationship of the right amount of debt and equity in your business will leave you, as the financial textbooks describe, as ‘properly leveraged’. By that we mean simply that it is probably very wrong to purchase your business with all cash, and equally or moreso as wrong to assume you can or will borrow all the funds needed. Either of those strategies is not recommended!

How are franchises funded in Canada asking our clients? In our experience they are financed mostly by the government sponsored Small Business Loan. In addition that is supplemented by equipment financing where applicable, as well as your own personal investment in the business. Two other sources of financing sometimes come into play; they are a vendor take back on part of the financing, either by the franchisor or the franchisee you might be buying an existing franchise from. Also available in certain cases is the ability to negotiate a cash working capital term loan from the one institution we are aware of that provides that type of financing.

The proper mix of all of the above components of franchise financing will should in fact allow you to successful complete your acquisition. Things not seeming to work for franchises? Grab a Lincoln 210 MP welder and get to work!